2018年春期大学英语四级考试辅导讲座讲义(20180510谭剑波)
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长江师范学院2018春季大学英语四级考试复习指导讲义(20180510




主办:大学外语教学科研部

友情协办:文熙文都考研


主讲:谭剑波


(文熙英语教学名师)


听力部分


第一节 总论


1. 什么中国学生英语不好,听说不好?(input and outputsome experiences)


2. 对词汇的敏感是英语学习的关键对词汇的敏感是听力和口语的核心。


3. 听力改革说明


第二节 听力答题策略

  1. 听力答题步骤



  1. 听力中的questions听不懂怎么办?



  1. 听力做题总原则


  1. 答题具体分析

课程听力


16.

A) They investigate the retirement homes in America.

B) They are on issues facing senior citizens in America.

C) They describe the great pleasures of the golden years.

D) They are filled with fond memories of his grandparents.


17.

A) The loss of the ability to take care of himself.

B) The feeling of not being important any more.

C) Being unable to find a good retirement home.

D) Leaving the home he had lived in for 60 years.


18.

A) The loss of identity and self-worth.

B) Fear of being replaced or discarded.

C) Freedom from pressure and worldly cares.

D) The possession of wealth and high respect.


19.

A) The urgency of pension reform.

B) Medical care for senior citizens.

C) Finding meaningful roles for the elderly in society.

D) The development of public facilities for senior citizens.


  Moderator:

Hello Ladies and Gentleman, it gives me great pleasure to introduce our keynote speaker for today’s session, Dr. Howard Miller. Dr. Miller, Professor of Sociology at Washington University, has written numerous articles and books on the issues facing older Americans in our graying society for the past 15 years. Dr. Miller:

Dr. Miller:

Thank you for that introduction. Today, I’d like to preface my remarks with a story from my own life which I feel highlights the common concerns that bring us here together. Several years ago when my grandparents were well into their eighties, they were faced with the reality of no longer being able to adequately care for themselves. My grandfather spoke of his greatest fear, that of leaving the only home they had known for the past 60 years. (最后即所得原则) Fighting back the tears, he spoke proudly of the fact that he had built their home from the ground up, and that he had pounded every nail and laid every brick in the process. The prospect of having to sell their home and give up their independence, and move into a retirement home was an extremely painful experience for them. It was, in my grandfather’s own words, like having a limb cut off. He exclaimed in a forceful manner that he felt he wasn’t important anymore.


For them and some older Americans, their so-called “golden years” are at times not so pleasant, for this period can mean the decline of not only one’s health but the loss of identity and self-worth. (not only—but also转折后重心原则)In many societies, this self-identity is closely related with our social status, occupation, material possessions, or independence. Furthermore, we often live in societies that value what is “new” or in fashion, and our own usage of words in the English language is often a sign of bad news for older Americans. I mean how would your family react if you came home tonight exclaiming, “Hey, come to the living room and see the OLD black and white TV I brought!” Unfortunately, the word “old” calls to mind images of the need to replace or discard.


 

Now, many of the lectures given at this conference have focused on the issues of pension reform, medical care, and the development of public facilities for senior citizens. And while these are vital issues that must be addressed, I’d like to focus my comments on an important issue that will affect the overall success of the other programs mentioned. This has to do with changing our perspectives on what it means to be a part of this group, and finding meaningful roles the elderly can play and should play in our societies.

  First of all, I’d like to talk about . . .


16. What does the introduction say about Dr. Howard Miller’s articles and books? 17. What is the greatest fear of Dr. Miller’s grandfather?

18. What does Dr. Miller say the “golden years” can often mean?

19. What is the focus of Dr. Miller’s speech?


长对话:


19. A. A notice by the electricity board

B. Ads promoting electric appliances

C. The description of a thief in disguise

D. A new policy on pensioners’ welfare

20. A. Speaking with a proper accent

B. Wearing an official uniform

C. Making friends with them

D. Showing them his ID

21. A. To be on the alert when being followed

B. Not to leave senior citizens alone at home

C. Not to let anyone in without an appointment

D. To watch out for those from the electricity board

22. A. She was robbed near the parking lot

B. All her money in the bank disappeared

C. The pension she had just drawn was stolen

D. She was knocked down in the post office

19. what does the woman want the man to read in the newspaper?

20. How did the man mentioned in the newspaper try to win further trust from the victims?

21. what is the warning form the police?

22. what does the woman speaker tell us about the old lady?


短文听力:

26. A. They care a lot about children

B. They need looking after in their old age

C. They want to enrich their life experience

D. They want children to keep them company

27.A. They are usually adopted from distant places

B. Their birth information is usually kept secret

C. Their birth parents often try to conceal their birth information

D. Their adoptive parents don’t want them to know their birth Parents.

28. A. They generally hold bad feelings toward their birth parents

B. They do not want to hurt the feelings of their adoptive parents

C. They have mixed feelings about finding their natural parents

D. They are fully aware of the expenses involved in the search

29. A. Early adoption makes for closer parent-child relationship

B. Most people prefer to adopt children from overseas

C. Understanding is the key to successful adoption

D. Adoption has much to do with love


听力原文:When couples get married, they usually plan to have children. Sometimes, however, a couple can not have a child of their own. In this case, they may decide to adopt a child. In fact, adoption is very common today. There are about 60 thousand adoptions each year in the United States alone. Some people prefer to adopt infants, others adopt older children, some couples adopt children from their own countries, others adopt children from foreign countries. In any case, they all adopt children for the same reason ---- they care about children and want to give their adopted child a happy life. Most adopted children know that they are adopted. Psychologists and child-care experts generally think this is a good idea. However, many adopted children or adoptees have very little information about their biological parents. As a matter of fact, it is often very difficult for adoptees to find out about their birth parents because the birth records of most adoptees are usually sealed. The information is secret so no one can see it. Naturally, adopted children have different feelings about their birth parents. Many adoptees want to search for them, but others do not. The decision to search for birth parents is a difficult one to make. Most adoptees have mixed feelings about finding their biological parents. Even though adoptees do not know about their natural parents, they do know that their adopted parents want them, love them and will care for them.

Questions 26-29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. According to the speaker, why do some couples adopt children?

27. Why is it difficult for adoptees to find out about their birth parents?

28. Why do many adoptees find it hard to make the decision to search for their birth parents?

29. What can we infer from the passage?

听力提高的最重要方法是什么?


作文预测

  1. 写作的形式

  1. 字数


  1. 段落


  1. 整洁


第二部分 写作的内容

  1. 四六级写作核心表达

第一段核心表达:


  1. 生动地 vividly

  2. 描述 describe

  3. 图画/作者/名言/故事 picture

  4. 显示/表明 show, suggest

  5. 越来越多/越来越

  6. 关注/忽略 pay attention to;

  7. 重要性 importance

  8. 发人深省的

  9. 反映 reflect

  10. 字幕, 主题 subtitle; topic


第二段核心表达:


  1. 现象

  2. 解释 explain

  3. 如今 nowadays

  4. 信息技术/高科技/文化 information technology

  5. 导致/影响 cause; influence

  6. 尝试 try to do sth.

  7. 传递 send

  8. 推论 infer

  9. 吸引注意 attract attention

  10. 重要性,至关重要,扮演角色


第三段核心表达:


  1. 采取措施 take measures to

  2. 加强意识 strengthen the awareness

  3. 制定法律/规章 make laws and rules

  4. 采取理性态度 take a rational attitude

  5. 解决问题 solve the problem

  6. 强调/重视 emphasize

  7. 个人成长 personal growth

  8. 社会发展 social development

  9. 学业职业 academic studies and career development

  10. 经验视野 enrich our experience and broaden our horizon


  1. 写作核心句法

  1. As, which引导的非限




  1. 同位语从句与定语从句




  1. 倒装句





  1. 独立主格结构




  1. 分词与不定式(被动)作后置定语




  1. 万能句型:引导词+插入语+原因状语从句




第三节 四六级作文段落框架(默写,灵活运用)

第一段段落总结:


图画As is graphically pictured by the cartoon, sb is doing sth, doing sth., with the caption showing the theme of sth.. This picture mirrors a prevalent phenomenon/an undeniable truth that(句子)which is thought-provoking.

名言There is a famous saying saying that “名言”, which draws our attention to the importance of sth/being adj/doing sth. There is no doubt that without the quality of sth/being adj, we could hardly achieve anything great in our life.


普通问题式第一段:(充分结合题干全部内容+提出自己的观点)


20166月大学英语六级考试真题(第2套)

Part ⅠWriting (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on e-learning. Try to imagine what will happen when more and more people study online instead of attending school. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


Nowadays, with the society and information technology developing, there is a question/discussion about what will happen when an increasing number of people study online instead of attending a real school. From my perspective, the change will be great.( online study will, directly or indirectly, bring a great influence on our academic studies.)


201612月大学英语四级考试真题(第2套)

Part Ⅰ Writing(30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. Suppose you have two options upon graduation: one is to take a job in a company and the other to go to a graduate school. You are to make a choice between the two. Write an essay to explain the reasons for your choice. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.


Currently, with the society becoming increasingly competitive, there is a choice to be made: to take a job in a company or go to a graduate school? For my part, going to a graduate school is better than taking a job in a company.



第二段段落总结:

原因段:So what are the reasons (behind the phenomenon reflected by the drawing)? The most important factor to be considered is that+句子。There is no doubt that sth. plays an indispensable role in leading to the phenomenon. In the second place, it is also of great importance to consider the fact that+句子。In the last place, importance should be attached to the matter of sth. The factors mentioned above are the main reasons accounting for the problem.


内涵段:It can be deduced/inferred/concluded that the author of the picture is trying to draw our attention to the importance of sth./doing sth./being adj.. It is necessary that close attention be paid to the value of sth./doing sth./being adj. To highlight the necessity of sth. is vitally important.


第三段总结:措施段/结论段

措施段:With the situation (mirrored by the picture/graph/famous saying ) becoming increasingly severe/urgent, it is high time that we took some effective measures to fight against/protect sth. It is indispensable that we pay close attention to the significance of public awareness, which performs an essential role in addressing the issue.


结论段:Based on what is mentioned above/with the analysis above taken into account, we can come to a conclusion: we must attach great importance to the role played by sth/being adj/doing sth. Only by doing this can we make remarkable progress in our personal development.

第三部分 四六级作文话题部分预测(主题词是关键)

1. 中西方文化交流话题

  1. 友谊就是阳光,团队精神的重要性,互助

  1. 坚持(从小做起)的重要性

  1. 阅读的重要性和内在的涵养话题 (可能以名言的形式考)


  1. 外部环境和内因


  1. 理想与实践的关系



 



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